Too little sleep may lead to increased heart disease risk
People who sleep less than six hours a night may be more likely to develop cardiovascular disease than those who sleep seven to eight hours, a Spanish study suggests, Reuters reported.
The people who got less sleep tended to be older, weigh more and have higher cholesterol levels and blood pressure than individuals who got more rest, researchers report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Study participants were 46 years old on average and none had a history of heart disease. They tended to be slightly overweight but also to get about 45 minutes a day of moderate to vigorous physical activity.
27 percent more likely to have “preclinical” atherosclerosis
Researchers in the study found that compared to people who got seven to eight hours of sleep, those who slept less than six hours a night were 27 percent more likely to have “preclinical” atherosclerosis: structural changes and thickening in the artery walls that isn’t yet serious enough to cause complications.
In the study, 3,974 bank workers wore activity trackers to measure sleep for one week and also had 3D heart ultrasounds and cardiac CT scans to look for heart disease.
Sleep – a healthy habit
Sleep, together with diet and physical activity, (is) one of the healthy habits that we need to adopt and maintain to keep our cardiovascular system healthy,” said senior study author Jose Ordovas, a researcher at the CNIC in Madrid and director of nutrition and genomics at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston.
Hardening of the arteries can develop gradually over several decades before it causes problems. People can live for years with preclinical abnormalities before they develop full-blown atherosclerosis, marked by a buildup of plaque on artery walls that restricts blood flow and can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
Long sleepers also at risk
While very few participants - just 160 people - slept more than eight hours a night, the study also found that these long sleepers had increased heart risk. Women who slept more than 8 hours were almost twice as likely to have preclinical plaque buildup in their arteries than women who got seven to eight hours of sleep a night.
Men also had a slightly higher risk of plaque buildup with too much sleep, but the difference was too small to rule out the possibility that it was due to chance.
It is important to emphasize that more is not always better, as oversleeping can increase cardiovascular risk,” Ordovas said.